Comprised of four civil society organisations, the Quartet was formed in mid-2013 when the democratisation process was in danger of collapsing, following political assassinations and social unrest.
The Quartet became a driving force for peace, advancing democracy within the North African nation, said the Committee.
“It established an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil war.”
“[The Quartet] was instrumental in enabling Tunisia, in the space of a few years, to establish a constitutional system of government guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, political conviction or religious belief,” said the Committee.
The coalition paved the way for peaceful dialogue between citizens, political parties and authorities, leading to consensus-based solutions on a wide range of challenges across political and religious divides.
“The broad-based national dialogue that the Quartet succeeded in establishing countered the spread of violence in Tunisia and its function is therefore comparable to that of the peace congresses to which Alfred Nobel refers in his will,” the Committee said.
Our research found Tunisia had a significant improvement in its level of peacefulness, following the successful parliamentary and presidential elections in 2014.
The Middle East and North Africa remains blighted by conflict and returns the worst regional score in the Index.
Awarded 96 times since 1901, the Nobel Peace Prize recognises the person who has done the most for peace.
Other contenders for this years’ prize ranged from Pope Francis, for his work brokering the re-establishment of relations between Cuba and the US, to a Congolese gynaecologist for his ongoing work with victims of sexual violence in the conflict-embroiled Democratic Republic of Congo.
Angela Merkel was also a firm favourite for her leadership on the European refugee crisis.
There were 273 candidates for this years’ Nobel Peace Prize, the second highest number of candidates ever nominated, falling just short of 2014’s record of 278 candidates. We are proud to say that our Founder, Steve Killelea AM was one of the 2014 nominees.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, comprised of five people, who are chosen by the Parliament of Norway.
The 2015 Global Peace Index shows that the world is becoming increasingly divided with some countries enjoying unprecedented levels of peace and prosperity while others spiral further into violence and conflict.
Vision of Humanity is an initiative of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). IEP have offices in New York and Sydney. For more specific inquiries related to the peace indexes and research, please contact IEP directly.